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  1. Original research

    Changes in the theta band coherence during motor task after hand immobilization

    Many different factors can temporarily or permanently impair movement and impairs cortical organization, e.g. hand immobilization. Such changes have been widely studied using electroencephalography. Within thi...

    Igor Brauns, Silmar Teixeira, Bruna Velasques, Juliana Bittencourt, Sergio Machado, Mauricio Cagy, Mariana Gongora, Victor Hugo Bastos, Dionis Machado, Ada Sandoval-Carrillo, Jose Salas-Pacheco, Roberto Piedade, Pedro Ribeiro and Oscar Arias-Carrión

    International Archives of Medicine 2014 7:51

    Published on: 13 December 2014

  2. Original research

    Serum C-peptide assay of patients with hyperglycemic emergencies at the Lagos State University Teaching Hospital (LASUTH), Ikeja

    HE are common acute complications of diabetes mellitus (DM) and include diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), normo-osmolar hyperglycemic state (NHS) and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS). They contribute a lot to...

    Akinyele Taofiq Akinlade, Anthonia Okeoghene Ogbera, Olufemi Adetola Fasanmade and Michael Adeyemi Olamoyegun

    International Archives of Medicine 2014 7:50

    Published on: 28 November 2014

  3. Original research

    Differences in early and late stages of information processing between slow versus fast participants

    The human brain is a system consisting of various interconnected neural networks, with functional specialization coexisting with functional integration occurring both; temporally and spatially at many levels. ...

    Claudio Portella, Sergio Machado, Flávia Paes, Mauricio Cagy, Alexander T Sack, Ada Sandoval-Carrillo, Jose Salas-Pacheco, Adriana Cardoso Silva, Roberto Piedade, Pedro Ribeiro, Antonio Egídio Nardi and Oscar Arias-Carrión

    International Archives of Medicine 2014 7:49

    Published on: 24 November 2014

  4. Original research

    Factors associated to unrelieved pain in a Morrocan Emergency Department

    In the light of the impact that pain has on patients, emergency department (ED) physicians need to be well versed in its management, particularly in its acute presentation. The goal of the present study was to...

    Maha louriz, Jihane Belayachi, Bouchra Armel, Tarek Dendane, Khalid Abidi, Naoufel Madani, Aicha Zekraoui, Abdellatif Belabes Benchekroun, Amine Ali Zeggwagh and Redouane Abouqal

    International Archives of Medicine 2014 7:48

    Published on: 8 November 2014

  5. Original research

    Diagnostic accuracy of Bethesda system for reporting thyroid cytopathology: an institutional perspective

    Thyroid swelling is common problem among South Asian women. Although benign nodules far outnumber cancerous lesions, the risk of malignancy needs to be evaluated preoperatively for which fine needle aspiration...

    Samreen Naz, Atif Ali Hashmi, Amna khurshid, Naveen Faridi, Muhammad Muzzammil Edhi, Anwar Kamal and Mehmood Khan

    International Archives of Medicine 2014 7:46

    Published on: 31 October 2014

  6. Original research

    Glucose and lipid assessment in patients with acute stroke

    Stroke is a major health issue in Nigeria and it is also a common cause of emergency admissions. Stroke often results in increased morbidity, mortality and reduced quality of life in people thus affected. The ...

    Anthonia O Ogbera, Olajumoke O Oshinaike, Olusola Dada, Ayodeji Brodie-Mends and Chukwuma Ekpebegh

    International Archives of Medicine 2014 7:45

    Published on: 23 October 2014

  7. Original research

    Evaluation of a web based tool to improve health behaviours in healthcare staff

    A web-based tool was developed and piloted by being made available to healthcare staff in Wales from September 2012 to March 2013. This evaluation included two primary outcome measures: general health and ment...

    Hugo C van Woerden, Kathryn Ashton, Christopher Garlick, Andrew Hurley, Andrew Cooper, Alan Willson, Ray Henry, Vasiliki Kiparoglou and Christopher Potter

    International Archives of Medicine 2014 7:44

    Published on: 8 October 2014

  8. Review

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and heart rate variability: a literature update

    The literature indicates that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) affects cardiac autonomic control. In this study, we conducted a literature review in order to investigate the heart rate variability ...

    Adriano L Roque, Vitor E Valenti, Thais Massetti, Talita Dias da Silva, Carlos Bandeira de Mello Monteiro, Fernando R Oliveira, Álvaro Dantas de Almeida Junior, Sheylla Nadjane Batista Lacerda, Gustavo Carreiro Pinasco, Viviane Gabriela Nascimento, Luiz Gonzaga Granja Filho, Luiz Carlos de Abreu, David M Garner and Celso Ferreira

    International Archives of Medicine 2014 7:43

    Published on: 3 October 2014

  9. Case report

    Association of type IV spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) with myoclonic epilepsy within a single family

    Spinal muscular atrophies (SMAs) are a group of disorders characterized by degeneration of the anterior horn cells in the spinal cord and motor nuclei in the lower brainstem. It is transmitted by autosomal rec...

    Damith S Liyanage, Lakmini S Pathberiya, Inuka K Gooneratne, Kumarangie K Vithanage and Ranjanie Gamage

    International Archives of Medicine 2014 7:42

    Published on: 26 September 2014

  10. Original research

    Time intervals and associated factors of emergency treatment: first insight into Pakistani system

    The objective of this study is to determine the time interval from decision to seek medical help and arrival of the patients to the emergency department (ED). The duration of stay in ED was also calculated. Th...

    Muhammad Muslim Noorani, Muhammad Farhan Khaliq, Maria Shoaib, Asfandyar Sheikh, Um-E-Roman Moughal, Wardah Moazzum and Syed Arsalan Ali

    International Archives of Medicine 2014 7:41

    Published on: 24 September 2014

  11. Original research

    Cardiac autonomic responses induced by a single bout of exercise with flexible pole

    Flexible poles are tools used to provide rapid eccentric and concentric muscle contractions. It lacks in the literature studies that analyze acute cardiovascular responses in different exercises performed with...

    Ana Márcia dos Santos António, Marcelo Tavella Navega, Marco Aurélio Cardoso, Luiz Carlos Abreu and Vitor E Valenti

    International Archives of Medicine 2014 7:40

    Published on: 23 September 2014

  12. Case report

    Double-lumen catheter in the right jugular vein induces two sub-endothelial abscesses in an unusual place, the transition between the superior vena cava and the right atrium: a case report

    Endocarditis is a type of infection that is common in internal medicine wards and in haemodialysis clinics. The location that is most affected are the heart valves. Herein, we report a case of an uncommon absc...

    João Kennedy Teixeira Lima, Sylvia Rannyelle Teixeira Lima, Antonio Leonel de Lima Jr, Cícero Valdizébio Pereira Agra, Vitor Engrácia Valenti, Rayana Loch Gomes, Luciano Miller Rodrigues, João Antonio Correa, Rodrigo D Raimundo and Luiz Carlos de Abreu

    International Archives of Medicine 2014 7:37

    Published on: 31 July 2014

  13. Original research

    Diagnostic utility of p53 and CK20 immunohistochemical expression grading urothelial malignancies

    Current grading system in application by WHO/ISUP divides urothelial malignancies in low and high grade by morphologic criteria while strict segregation may become cumbersome in limited tissue specimens. As gr...

    Shazia Mumtaz, Atif Ali Hashmi, Sheema H Hasan, Muhammad Muzzammil Edhi and Mehmood Khan

    International Archives of Medicine 2014 7:36

    Published on: 26 July 2014

  14. Review

    Individual and social vulnerabilities upon acquiring tuberculosis: a literature systematic review

    Tuberculosis is a contagious infectious disease mainly caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis that still meets the priority criteria - high magnitude, transcendence and vulnerability - due to the threa...

    Sheylla Nadjane Batista Lacerda, Rayrla Cristina de Abreu Temoteo, Tânia Maria Ribeiro Monteiro de Figueiredo, Fernanda Darliane Tavares de Luna, Milena Alves Nunes de Sousa, Luiz Carlos de Abreu and Fernando Luiz Affonso Fonseca

    International Archives of Medicine 2014 7:35

    Published on: 12 July 2014

  15. Original research

    Energy and nutrient intakes among Sri Lankan adults

    The epidemic of nutrition related non-communicable diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus and obesity has reached to epidemic portion in the Sri Lanka. However, to date, detailed data on food consumption in...

    Ranil Jayawardena, Shalika Thennakoon, Nuala Byrne, Mario Soares, Prasad Katulanda and Andrew Hills

    International Archives of Medicine 2014 7:34

    Published on: 11 July 2014

  16. Original research

    Morphologic spectrum of glial tumors: an increased trend towards oligodendroglial tumors in Pakistan

    Glial tumors are most common brain tumors in our population. While the exact etiology and pathogenesis is unknown, the evaluation of current trends in the frequency and morphology of glial tumors is imperative...

    Atif Ali Hashmi, Naveen Faridi, Babar Malik, Muhammad Muzzammil Edhi, Amna Khurshid and Mehmood Khan

    International Archives of Medicine 2014 7:33

    Published on: 27 June 2014

  17. Original research

    Predictive factors of left atrial spontaneous echo contrast in patients with rheumatic mitral valve stenosis: a retrospective study of 159 patients

    Mitral valve stenosis is a common manifestation of chronic rheumatic heart disease. The presence of spontaneous echo contrast in the left atrium and left atrial appendage has been reported to be an independent...

    Sanaa Drissi, Hicham Sabor, Ahlam Ounsy, Najat Mouine, Mohamed Sabry, Aatif Benyass, El Mehdi Zbir, Konate Lassana and Naima Elhaithem

    International Archives of Medicine 2014 7:32

    Published on: 25 June 2014

  18. Case report

    Unexpected triggers for pheochromocytoma-induced recurrent heart failure

    Pheochromocytoma crisis typically presents as paroxysmal episodes of headache, tachycardia, diaphoresis or hypertension. We describe an uncommon case of recurrent non-hypertensive heart failure with systolic d...

    Tiago Pereira-da-Silva, João Abreu, Ruben Ramos, Ana Galrinho, Philip Fortuna, Nuno Jalles Tavares and Rui Cruz Ferreira

    International Archives of Medicine 2014 7:30

    Published on: 21 June 2014

  19. Short report

    Changes in full blood count parameters in leptospirosis: a prospective study

    Leptospirosis presents diagnostic challenges to clinicians, in settings where other acute febrile illness are prevalent. The patterns of serial changes in haematological parameters in leptospirosis has not bee...

    Nipun Lakshitha De Silva, MJR Niloofa, Narmada Fernando, Lilani Karunanayake, Chaturaka Rodrigo, H Janaka De Silva, Sunil Premawansa, Shiroma M Handunnetti and Senaka Rajapakse

    International Archives of Medicine 2014 7:31

    Published on: 21 June 2014

  20. Review

    Orquestic regulation of neurotransmitters on reward-seeking behavior

    The ventral tegmental area is strongly associated with the reward system. Dopamine is released in areas such as the nucleus accumbens and prefrontal cortex as a result of rewarding experiences such as food, se...

    Oscar Arias-Carrión, Xanic Caraza-Santiago, Sergio Salgado-Licona, Mohamed Salama, Sergio Machado, Antonio Egidio Nardi, Manuel Menéndez-González and Eric Murillo-Rodríguez

    International Archives of Medicine 2014 7:29

    Published on: 16 June 2014

  21. Original research

    Auditory stimulation with music influences the geometric indices of heart rate variability in men

    Chronic classical music was reported to increase parasympathetic activitywhen evaluating heart rate variability (HRV). It is poor in the literature investigation of the acute effects of baroque and heavy metal...

    Sheila Ap F da Silva, Heraldo L Guida, Ana M dos SantosAntônio, Luiz Carlos M Vanderlei, Lucas L Ferreira, Luiz Carlos de Abreu, Fernando H Sousa and Vitor E Valenti

    International Archives of Medicine 2014 7:27

    Published on: 22 May 2014

  22. Original research

    Novel occupational therapy interventions may improve quality of life in older adults with dementia

    Dementia is a major health problem in advancing age with no definitive treatment. Occupational therapy interventions are recognized strategies in treatment of dementia. Quality of life (QOL) assessment has bee...

    Prakash Kumar, Sarvada Chandra Tiwari, Ashish Goel, Vishnubhatla Sreenivas, Nand Kumar, Rakesh Kumar Tripathi, Vineet Gupta and Aparajit Ballave Dey

    International Archives of Medicine 2014 7:26

    Published on: 20 May 2014

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