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Table 1 Characteristics of pneumonia patients admitted to general medical floors

From: Fasting hyperglycemia upon hospital admission is associated with higher pneumonia complication rates among the elderly

   Admission glucose level (%)
   Normal
≤100 mg/dl
N = 56
Mild
101-125 mg/dl
N = 51
Severe
>126 mg/dl
N = 44
Known diabetic
N = 37
Group   n % n % n % n %
  Average Age (se) 50.5 (10.8) - 46.7(13.5) - 51 (10) 10.0 46.2 (10.4) -
18-64 Gender         
     Male 30 53.6 30 58.8 21 47.7 24 64.9
     Female 26 46.4 21 41.2 23 52.3 13 35.1
  History of COPD* 4 7.3 6 11.8 ¶¶¶ 18 40.9 7 18.9
  Heart Failure 8 14.3 1 2.0 2 4.6 2 5.4
  Liver disease 6 10.7 2 3.9 3 6.8 4 10.8
  Cancer 5 8.9 3 5.9 4 9.1 2 5.4
  Chronic renal disease 10 17.9 4 7.8 3 6.8 9 24.3
  Mean PSI 61.4 (se 4.1) 61.6 (se 4.1) 61.3 (se 4.4) 74.4 (se 4.2)
   N = 69 N = 68 N = 99 N = 77
   n % n % n % n %
  Average Age (se) 78.2 (7.3)   80.9 (9.1)   80.6(8.6)   80.0 (7.4)  
65 and Above Gender         
     Male 36 52.2 24 35.8 48 48.5 43 55.8
     Female 33 47.8 43 64.2 51 51.5 34 44.2
  Living arrangement         
     Community 54 78.3 53 77.9 73 73.7 58 75.3
     Nursing home 15 21.7 5 22.1 26 26.3 19 24.7
  History of COPD 19 27.5 19 28.0 30 30.6 14 18.2
  Heart Failure 18 26.1 10 14.7 13 13.1 22 28.6
  Liver disease 1 1.5 3 4.4 4 4.0 2 2.6
  Cancer 6 8.7 7 10.5 12 12.1 10 13.0
  Chronic renal disease 24 34.8 17 25.0 22 22.2 19 24.7
  PSI (mean se) * 107.8 (se = 4.5) 102.1 (se = 3.5) 108.4 (se = 3.4) 112.4 (se = 3.1)
  1. COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  2. *Pneumonia Severity Index (mean and standard error), t-test compares each group with the normal group (admission glucose ≤99 mg/dl), *p ≤ 0.05
  3. χ2 tests compares each group with the normal group (admission glucose ≤99 mg/dl) 0.01<p ≤ 0.05, ¶¶0.001≤p ≤ 0.01, ¶¶¶p ≤ 0.001
  4. Note: Highlighted values were statistically different from the normal group; all others were not statistically significant