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Table 3 Pneumonia complications by admission glucose level among adults aged 64 and below

From: Fasting hyperglycemia upon hospital admission is associated with higher pneumonia complication rates among the elderly

  Admission glucose level (%)
  Normal ≤100 mg/dl
N = 56
Mild 101-125 mg/dl
N = 51
Severe >126 mg/dl
N = 44
Known diabetic
N = 37
  % % OR 95% CI p % OR 95% CI p % OR 95% CI p
Complications Types*              
   ↑ O2 requirements 17.7 19.6 1.12 0.42-0.82 0.82 30 1.92 0.75-0.17 0.17 24.3 1.47 0.57-4.08 0.45
   ↑ABx coverage 23.2 17.7 0.71 0.27-1.83 0.47 25 1.03 0.44-2.77 0.8 16.2 0.64 0.21-1.87 0.41
   Sepsis 12.5 5.7 1.30 0.44-3.89 0.64 13.7 1.05 0.34-3.56 0.67 18.9 1.63 0.52-5.12 0.4
   Subsequent ICU use 10.9 11.8 1.09 0.33-3.62 0.9 13.7 1.29 0.39-4.32 0.67 18.9 1.91 0.58-6.21 0.4
   Mechanical-vent 14.3 11.8 0.80 0.26-0.70 0.7 11.4 0.77 0.23-2.54 0.67 18.9 1.40 0.46-4.26 0.55
   Deaths (N) 3.6 (2) 2(1) 0.54 0.48-0.62 0.6142 6.8(3) 1.98 0.32-12.37 0.46 0 -- -- 0.2516
Category              
   No complications 80.0 80.0 -- -- -- 75.0 -- -- -- 75.7 -- -- --
   Mild* 1.8 4.7 2.20 0.19-25.12 0.52 5.7 2.73 0.23-31.56 0.40 0 -- -- --
   Severe 18.8 16.3 0.88 0.32-2.45 0.80 21.4 1.23 0.45-3.36 0.69 24.3 1.44 0.52-4.00 0.47
   Any one complication 52.4 19.6 1.00 0.38-2.60 1.00 25.0 1.36 0.53-3.52 0.52 24.3 1.33 0.48-3.57 0.59
   Any two complications 53.3 14.6 0.96 0.32-2.88 0.94 17.5 1.19 0.39-3.61 0.75 20.0 1.43 0.46-4.30 0.54
Total admission days
(mean se)
6.0 se = 5.9 10.6 se = 21.0 7.6 se = 6.6 6.1 se = 4.5
Age (mean se) 50.5 se = 10.8 46.7 se = 3.5 51.0 se = 10.0 46.2 se = 10.4
  1. *Mild complications: either ↑ O2 requirements, or ↑ Antibiotic coverage
  2. Severe complications: either subsequent ICU use, mechanical ventilation, sepsis and/or death.
  3. χ2 compares each glucose category with the reference group (normal ≤99 mg/dl).