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Table 4 Pneumonia complications by admission glucose adults aged 65 and above

From: Fasting hyperglycemia upon hospital admission is associated with higher pneumonia complication rates among the elderly

  Admission glucose level (%)
  Normal ≤100 mg/dl
N = 69
Mild 101-125 mg/dl
N = 68
Severe >126 mg/dl
N = 99
Known diabetic
N = 77
Complications Types* % % OR 95% CI p % OR 95% CI p % OR 95% CI p
   ↑ O2 requirements 21.7 41.2 2.52 1.19-5.32 0.014 44.4 2.88 1.44-5.78 0.002 35.1 1.94 0.92-4.07 0.075
   ↑ ABx coverage 23.5 32.4 1.55 0.73-3.31 0.25 28.3 1.28 0.63-2.61 0.49 28.6 1.30 0.62-2.74 0.49
   Sepsis 14.5 26.5 2.12 0.90-5.01 0.08 23.2 1.79 0.79-4.04 0.16 23.4 1.80 0.77-4.22 0.17
   Subsequent ICU use 11.6 22.1 2.16 0.85-5.49 0.10 16.2 1.47 0.59-3.65 0.41 16.9 1.55 0.60-4.00 0.36
   Mechanical-vent 10.1 19.1 2.09 0.78-5.62 0.1370 14.1 1.45 0.56-3.83 0.44 11.7 1.17 0.41-3.34 0.77
   Deaths (N) 10.3 (7) 12 (8) 1.17 0.40-3.40 0.78 12(12) 1.22 0.45-3.27 0.69 9 (7) 0.88 0.29-2.66 0.8
Category              
   No complications 76.5 60.3 -- -- -- 59.8     64.9 -- -- --
   Mild* 20.9 4.4 1.94 0.31-12.15 0.47 10.3 2.73 0.24-31.36 0.40 11.4 4.77 0.98-23.16 0.03
   Severe 20.6 35.3 2.22 1.02-4.81 0.04 29.9 1.83 0.88-3.82 0.11 23.4 1.36 0.31-3.03 0.45
   Any one complication 23.5 39.7 2.19 1.04-4.58 0.04 40.2 2.15 1.08-4.29 0.03 35.1 1.79 0.86-3.71 0.12
   Any two complications 20.0 37.9 2.49 1.13-5.45 0.02 34.1 2.04 0.96-4.31 0.06 29.6 1.71 0.78-3.79 0.18
Age (mean se) 78.2 se = 7.3 80.9 se = 9.1 80.6 se = 8.6 80.0 se = 7.4
Total admission days
(mean se)
6.3 se = 6.0 6.7 se = 4.7 7.7 se = 7.0 7.3 se = 7.3
  1. *Mild complications: either ↑ O2 requirements, or ↑ Antibiotic coverage
  2. Severe complications: either subsequent ICU use, mechanical ventilation, sepsis and/or death
  3. χ2 compares each group with the reference group (admission glucose ≤99 mg/dl).
  4. Note: Highlighted values were statistically different from the normal group; all others were not statistically significant