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Table 1 Millennium Development Goals, health and national health accounts indicators

From: Assessment of productivity of hospitals in Botswana: a DEA application

  Botswana African Region
Health-related Millennium Development Goals Indicators   
Low birth weight newborns (percent) 10 14
Children aged <5 years underweight for age (percent) 10.7 21.3
Under-5 mortality rate (probability of dying by age 5 per 1000 live births 40 145
Measles immunization coverage among 1-year-olds (percent) 90 74
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100 000 live births) 380 900
Births attended by skilled health personnel (percent) 94 46
Contraceptive prevalence (percent) 44.4 24.4
Adolescent fertility rate (per 1000 girls aged 15-19 years) 51 117
Antenatal care coverage (percent): at least 1 visit 97 73
Prevalence of HIV among adults aged > = 15 years per 100 000 population 22757 4735
Antiretroviral therapy coverage among people with advanced HIV infection (percent) 79 30
Malaria mortality rate per 100 000 population 2 104
Tuberculosis treatment success under DOTS (percent) 72 75
Access to improved drinking-water sources (percent) 96 59
Access to improved sanitation (percent) 47 33
Global Health Indicators   
Life expectancy at birth in years 56 52
Healthy life expectancy (HALE) at birth (years) 49 45
Neonatal mortality rate (per 1000 live births) 46 40
Infant mortality rate (probability of dying between birth and age 1 per 1000 live births) 32 88
Adult mortality rate (probability of dying between 15 and 60 years per 1000 population) 514 401
HIV/AIDS -specific mortality rate (per 100 000 population) 585 198
Malaria -specific mortality rate (per 100 000 population) 2 104
TB among HIV-negative people (per 100 000 population) 37 45
TB among HIV-positive people (per 100 000 population) 156.5 47.6
Age-standardized mortality rates from non-communicable diseases (per 100 000 population) 594 841
Prevalence of tuberculosis (per 100 000 population) 622 475
Incidence of tuberculosis (per 100 000 population per year) 731 363
Prevalence of HIV among adults aged >15 years (per 100000 population) 22757 4735
Health service coverage   
Antenatal care coverage (percent) - at least 1 visit 97 73
Antenatal care coverage (percent) - at least 4 visit 97 45
Births attended by skilled health personnel (percent) 94 46
Births by caesarean section (percent) 7.7 3.3
Neonates protected at birth against neonatal tetanus (percent) 78 31
Immunization coverage among 1-year-olds (percent) - MDG 4 Measles 90 74
Immunization coverage among 1-year-olds (percent) - MDG 4 DPT3 97 74
Immunization coverage among 1-year-olds (percent) - MDG 4 HepB3 85 69
Antiretroviral therapy coverage (percent) - Pregnant women (PMTCT) 95 34
Antiretroviral therapy coverage (percent) - People with advanced HIV infection 79 30
Tuberculosis detection rate under DOTS (percent) 57 47
Tuberculosis treatment success under DOTS (percent) 72 75
Health workforce and infrastructure   
Physicians 715 150708
Physicians - Density (per 10 000 population) 4 2
Nursing and midwifery personnel 4753 792361
Nursing and midwifery personnel (per 10 000 population) 27 11
Dentistry personnel 38 23964
Dentistry personnel (per 10 000 population) <1 1
Other health service providers 1611 257520
Other health service providers (per 10 000 population) 9 4
Hospital beds (per 10000 population) 24 10
Health expenditure (2008)   
Total expenditure on health as percent of Gross domestic product 5.6 5.7
General government expenditure on health as percent of total expenditure on health 74.3 50.5
Private expenditure on health as percent of total expenditure on health 25.7 49.5
General government expenditure on health aspercent of total government expenditure 11.7 10.1
External resources for health as percent of total expenditure on health 5.7 20.8
Social Security expenditure on health as percent General government expenditure on health 0.0 3.4
Out-of-Pocket expenditure as percent of private expenditure on health 27.3 73.3
Private prepaid plans as percent of private expenditure on health 5.2 7.1
Per capita total expenditure on health at average exchange rate (US$) 392.5 101.8
Per capita total expenditure on health (PPP int.$) 779.3 172.1
Per capita government expenditure on health at average exchange rate (US$) 291.5 59.8
Per capita government expenditure on health (PPP int.$) 578.8 99.8
  1. Source: WHO [3].