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Table 5 Malmquist index summary of annual means (output oriented)

From: Assessment of productivity of hospitals in Botswana: a DEA application

year Efficiency change
[A = (CxD]
Technical change
[B]
Pure efficiency change
[C]
Scale efficiency change
[D = (A/C)]
Malmquist index of total factor productivity change
[E = A*B]
2007 1.119 0.86 1.049 1.067 0.963
2008 0.95 1.061 1.035 0.918 1.008
Mean 1.035 0.955 1.042 0.990 0.985