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Table 2 Factors associated with hypertension

From: Prevalence of hypertension and its correlates in Lusaka urban district of Zambia: a population based survey

  Unadjusted Adjusted
Factor OR (95%CI) AOR (95%CI)
Age group (years)   
25-34 1 1
35-44 0.83 (0.71, 0.98) 0.82 (0.69, 0.97)
45+ 2.84 (2.44, 3.31) 2.75 (2.32, 3.25)
Sex   
Male 1 1
Female 0.90 (0.82, 1.00) 0.84 (0.74, 0.96)
Education   
None 1 -
Primary 0.97 (0.79, 1.19)  
Secondary 0.82 (0.70, 0.96)  
college/university 0.92 (0.78, 1.09)  
Time usually spent sitting or reclining on a typical day (hours)   
<1.5 1 1
1.5-3.4 1.00 (0.88, 1.14) 1.08 (0.92, 1.25)
3.5+ 1.32 (1.16, 1.52) 1.21 (1.03, 1.43)
Body Mass Index (kg/m 2 )   
<18.5 1 1
18.5-24.9 0.70 (0.60, 0.83) 0.78 (0.64, 0.94)
25.0-29.9 1.15 (0.96, 1.38) 1.32 (1.07, 1.64)
30+ 2.48 (1.99, 3.08) 2.25 (1.73, 2.92)
Alcohol consumption   
Yes 1 1
No 0.91 (0.82, 1.01) 0.87 (0.76, 0.99)
Cigarettes smoking   
Yes 1 -
No 0.97 (0.81, 1.17)  
Waist-Hip ratio   
≤ 1 1 -
>1 1.76 (1.10, 2.81)  
Cholesterol (mmol/L)   
<5.2 1 -
5.2+ 1.30 (1.14, 1.48)  
Fasting blood glucose level (mmol/L)   
3.3-5.5 1 1
<3.3 0.60 (0.49, 0.73) 0.70 (0.55, 0.88)
>5.5 2.86 (2.02, 4.06) 1.75 (1.17, 2.62)
Heart rate (beats per minute)   
60-90 1 -
<60 0.77 (0.63, 0.96)  
>90 1.04 (0.78, 1.38)