Skip to main content

Table 3 Main characteristics of the studies that were included in the systematic review

From: Nutritional strategies of physically active subjects with muscle dysmorphia

Author/Year Population/Sample Results
Linhares e Lima (2006) 334 bodybuilders from 4 major gyms of Campos dos Goytacazes/RJ 65% consume dietary supplements, proteins and amino acids often without guidance from professionals to increase muscle mass and get quick results. Stress, high blood pressure, euphoria, abdominal pain, drowsiness and low immunity are some of the most common symptoms
Pereira; Souza; Lisbôa, 2007 141 bodybuilders who responded to a questionnaire Respondents have certain knowledge to identify food sources of macronutrients and that fasting is not the best way to reduce body weight. There was lack of knowledge about the use of supplements due to the orientation for consumption is not specialized
Pereira; Cabral, 2007 26 women bodybuilders over the age of 50 years at a fitness center in Recife (PE) The majority (61.5%) had normal weight, but all had no adequate power with regard to the variety and quantity of food. The study highlights the risk of nutritional deficiencies in the diet unbalanced in physically actives subjects