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Table 4 Main characteristics of the studies that were included in the systematic review

From: Nutritional strategies of physically active subjects with muscle dysmorphia

Author/Year Population/Sample Results
Pinto e Araújo (2007) 15 men between 20 and 35 regulars at a gym academy in the city of Caratinga practicing bodybuilding with the objective of muscle hypertrophy Physically active subjects cultivate common sense that eating a lot of protein and little fat is healthy, eliminates fat mass and gains lean tissue, they feed on little food and no proper combination of nutrients, compensating with supplements for fast results
Hay (et al., 2008) 3001 respondents in 1995 and 3047 in 2005 in urban and rural areas of Australia There was a change in eating habits, but the growth of bulimia and anorexia was irrelevant
Sardinha; Oliveira; Araújo, 2008 100 strength training physically actives men between 18 and 35 years These results confirm a potential applicability of anthropometric indicator valid for the diagnosis of MD, although their application does not replace psychological diagnoses and clinical procedures. These are indicators that help the diagnosis of MD and nutritionists to develop dietary intervention