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Table 5 Main characteristics of the studies that was included in the systematic review

From: Nutritional strategies of physically active subjects with muscle dysmorphia

Author/Year Population/Sample Results
Silva Junior (et al., 2008) 120 physically active subjects 14 to 41 years old (77 men and 43 women) in a gym academy in Rio de Janeiro Vitamins, amino acids and diet pills are the most consumed without prescription. Half (50%) use anabolic steroids for muscle hypertrophy
Iriart; Chaves; Orleans (2009) Ethnographic qualitative study with 43 male bodybuilders in Salvador (BA) who used anabolic; participative observation Food supplements and supplements have priority among physically active subjects to the detriment of a balanced diet with carbohydrates, fats and proteins in the ideal amount
Trog e Teixeira (2009) 63 bodybuilders (39 men and 24 women) in 4 gyms of Irati (PR) aged between 19 and 27 years Most men make use of dietary supplements, and women in a lower percentage. Many recognize the health risks, admit to feel harmed, but continue to increase muscle mass