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Table 1 Association between consumption of specific food groups, food variety score, and socioeconomic and geographic variables

From: Consumption of animal source foods and dietary diversity reduce stunting in children in Cambodia

Socioeconomic and geographic variables n % consumed in the last 24 hours Food variety score
Staple foods group Animal source foods group Milk products group Green leafy/orange color vegetables group Pulses group Oils/fats group Seeds group Mean SD
Household wealth quintile
Poorest 1233 86.9 74.8 1.4 47.9 4.4 19.1 5.2 3.3 2.0
Poorer 962 85.9 77.1 4.7 47.9 3.8 22.2 6.9 3.5 2.1
Middle 709 90.0 84.6 4.4 55.3 8.2 23.8 7.1 4.1 2.2
Richer 672 90.8 84.8 12.4 58.9 10.6 28.6 5.5 4.5 2.4
Richest 673 91.8 84.5 34.9 56.8 11.1 26.3 4.6 5.2 2.6
Trend P <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 0.57 <0.01  
Education of mother
None 1045 87.8 78.2 4.1 50.1 4.2 20.4 6.4 3.5 2.1
Primary 2510 88.4 80.0 7.4 52.2 7.5 24.1 5.6 3.9 2.3
Secondary or higher 694 90.2 83.0 26.2 55.8 9.4 24.2 5.8 4.8 2.6
Trend P 0.15 0.02 <0.01 0.02 <0.01 0.04 0.50 <0.01  
Geographical area
Near the Tolesap lake 1433 88.1 81.5 5.2 55.4 6.0 28.7 6.4 3.9 2.3
Coastal 336 89.3 82.4 12.5 62.2 5.0 14.2 6.3 4.3 2.2
Plateau or moutain 590 88.0 72.4 5.6 51.2 4.6 21.7 8.1 3.7 2.3
Plain or Phnom Penh 1889 88.9 80.9 13.8 48.4 8.8 21.1 4.6 4.0 2.3
P 0.83 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01  
Residential location
Rural 3664 88.2 79.4 6.8 50.8 6.9 22.9 6.1 3.8 2.3
Urban 585 90.9 84.2 27.7 61.1 7.5 25.1 3.9 4.8 2.4
P 0.05 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 0.57 0.24 0.04 <0.01  
  1. The P value for the association between consumption of specific food group and a socioeconomic or a geographic variable was obtained by a chi-square test for trend (trend P) or by a chi-square test (P). The p value for the association between the food variety score and a socioeconomic or geographic variable was obtained by a linear regression analysis (trend P) or a one-way analysis of variance (P).