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Table 3 Association between food variety score and stunting, underweight, wasting, and diarrhea

From: Consumption of animal source foods and dietary diversity reduce stunting in children in Cambodia

Food variety score n Stunting n Underweight n Wasting n Diarrhea
% Odds ratio 95% confidence interval % Odds ratio 95% confidence interval % Odds ratio 95% confidence interval % Odds ratio 95% confidence interval
Categorical model
0 171 53.2 Reference 171 32.2 Reference 171 7.1 Reference 394 18.0 Reference
1 87 59.8 1.33 0.77-2.29 87 37.9 1.37 0.79-2.37 87 6.9 1.37 0.79-2.37 201 16.4 0.92 0.58-1.46
2 157 58.6 1.16 0.74-1.82 157 34.4 1.05 0.66-1.67 157 9.0 1.05 0.66-1.67 335 21.8 1.20 0.83-1.73
3 333 48.8 0.82 0.56-1.20 333 29.1 0.85 0.56-1.27 333 6.0 0.85 0.56-1.27 697 19.9 1.12 0.81-1.54
4 340 43.8 0.71 0.48-1.04 340 25.3 0.73 0.49-1.10 340 6.7 0.73 0.49-1.10 778 22.6 1.33 0.98-1.82
5 343 46.8 0.90 0.61-1.32 343 31.2 1.05 0.70-1.58 343 7.3 1.05 0.70-1.58 657 22.2 1.39 1.01-1.91
6 203 43.3 0.88 0.57-1.35 203 32.0 1.21 0.77-1.90 203 11.3 1.21 0.77-1.90 456 20.2 1.39 0.96-1.97
7 140 45.0 0.94 0.59-1.50 140 20.7 0.67 0.39-1.14 140 4.3 0.67 0.39-1.14 260 19.6 1.30 0.87-1.95
8 63 25.4 0.43 0.22-0.83 63 17.5 0.59 0.28-1.22 63 9.5 0.59 0.28-1.22 120 16.7 1.06 0.61-1.85
9a 70 31.4 0.58 0.31-1.09 70 15.7 0.52 0.25-1.08 70 7.2 0.52 0.25-1.08 126 19.0 1.36 0.80-2.30
  P = 0.03   P = 0.02   P = 0.32   P = 0.38
Linear model
per 1 FVS 0.95 0.91-0.99    0.96 0.91-1.00    0.96 0.91-1.00    1.04 1.00-1.08
trend P = 0.01    trend P = 0.06    trend P = 0.24    trend P = 0.03
  1. The odds ratio was adjusted for household wealth quintile, education of mother, geographical area and residential location. The same 10 categories were used in linear models as in categorical models. Categorical models and linear models fit the data equally well (all P > 0.10 in likelihood ratio test for categorical vs. linear model).
  2. a Food variety score of nine or higher.