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Table 4 Association between consumption of specific food groups and stunting, underweight, wasting, and diarrhea

From: Consumption of animal source foods and dietary diversity reduce stunting in children in Cambodia

Food group n Stunting n Underweight,% n Wasting n Diarrhea
% Odds ratio 95% confidence interval % Odds ratio 95% confidence interval % Odds ratio 95% confidence interval % Odds ratio 95% confidence interval
Staple foods group
No 190 54.2 reference   190 32.1 reference   190 7.3 reference   438 17.4 reference  
Yes 1717 46.2 0.80 0.59-1.09 1717 28.3 0.88 0.63-1.22 1717 7.5 1.10 0.61-2.00 3588 20.9 1.29 0.99-1.67
Animal source foods group
No 329 56.5 reference   329 35.2 reference   329 6.7 reference   774 18.6 reference  
Yes 1578 45.0 0.69 0.54-0.89** 1578 27.4 0.74 0.57-0.96* 1578 7.5 1.22 0.76-0.1.97 3252 20.8 1.20 0.98-1.47
Milk products group
No 1713 48.3 reference   1713 29.4 reference   1713 7.7 reference   3628 20.2 reference  
Yes 193 35.2 1.02 0.72-1.44 193 22.8 1.02 0.70-1.49 193 4.7 0.61 0.29-1.26 399 21.9 1.46 1.10-1.92*
Green leafy/orange color vegetables group
No 873 49.0 reference   873 30.2 reference   873 7.2 reference   1896 20.8 reference  
Yes 1034 45.2 0.94 0.78-1.13 1034 27.3 0.94 0.76-1.15 1034 7.6 1.18 0.83-1.68 2130 20.1 1.02 0.87-1.19
Pulses group
No 1767 47.7 reference   1767 29.1 reference   1767 7.2 reference   3735 20.3 reference  
Yes 140 37.9 0.84 0.58-1.22 140 23.6 0.88 0.59-1.33 140 10.1 1.74 0.96-3.15 291 21.9 1.13 0.85-1.51
Oils/fats group
No 1432 47.6 reference   1432 29.3 reference   1432 7.5 reference   3081 20.3 reference  
Yes 476 44.9 0.87 0.7-1.08 476 26.8 0.87 0.69-1.11 476 7.4 1.04 0.69-1.55 946 20.9 1.08 0.90-1.29
Seeds group
No 1782 46.7 reference   1782 28.8 reference   1782 7.5 reference   3788 20.4 reference  
Yes 124 50.8 1.15 0.78-1.67 124 27.0 0.92 0.61-1.39 124 6.4 0.83 0.39-1.75 239 20.2 1.01 0.73-1.40
  1. Odds ratio was obtained by a logistic regression analysis and adjusted for household wealth quintile, education of mother, geographical area and residential location.
  2. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01.