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Table 5 Frequency and variables associated with prescribing errors at Dessie referral hospital, February 17 - March 17, 2012

From: Medication prescribing errors and associated factors at the pediatric wards of Dessie Referral Hospital, Northeast Ethiopia

Characteristics No. of PEs No. without PEs P-value COR 95% CI
Age   0.089   
Neonate (birth - 28 day) 22 30   1.000 (reference )
Infant (29 day - 1 year) 63 39 0.023 2.203 (1.116 – 4.347)
Toddler (1–3 year) 39 39 0.390 1.364 (0.673 – 2.765)
Preschool (3–5 years) 14 9 0.141 2.121 (0.779 – 5.777)
School age (6–10 years) 29 38 0.915 1.041 (0.500 – 2.164)
Adolescent (11–14 years) 28 34 0.760 1.123 (0.534 – 2.362)
Route of administrations   0.000   
Intravenous 84 157   1.000 (reference )
Oral 70 17 0.000 7.696 (4.256 – 13.913)
Othersa 41 15 0.000 5.109 (2.672 – 9.767)
Day of the week     
Weekdays 178 158   1.000 (reference )
Weekends and Holidays 17 31 0.025 0.487 (0.259 – 0.913)
  1. Note: aIntramuscular, rectal, topical.
  2. Abbreviations: PEs Prescribing Errors, COR Crude Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval.